Leitheim, the village above the „Young Danube River“ has it’s name from the word „Leite“, meaning vineyard.First settlers were the Romans during the reign of Emperor Probus (276-282 a.c.) Under the Carolingians it was the home of the counts of Sualafeld, of the family of the Luitpolingians (Andechs-Meranien, Scheyern, Wittelsbach). In 1134 Count Henry II, influenced by Bernard of Clairvaux, the greatest Saint of the Cistercian monastic order, founded a monastery known as Kaisheim and endowed it with twelve farms, among them Leitheim, being in charge of the winesupply for the monastery.

The history of Leitheim Castle

In 1427, under Abbot Leonard Weinmayr, extensive vineyards were cultivated, which yielded, in good years, 50 000 litres of wine. The old house of the vineyard’s gardener was built in 1542 in Renaissance style. The vineyards were destroyed by Grape phylloxera, a small insect, end of the 19th century but replanted afterwards with resistent rootstock.The monastery at Kaisheim was called „carcer ordinis“ because it so rigidly observed the rules of the holy order. Therefore a house was built not far away where the monks would relax and restore their health while cultivating the vineyard. The church and the abbot’s summer residence were built around 1690. In the meantime, the monastery, because of its increasing importance, was raised to a free, sovereign state.

This action meant new duties and caused the artistically-minded Abbot Celestin I, Mermos, (1751) to rebuild and redecorate the third floor of the castle in the taste and and style of the times – Bavarian Rococo style. The Bohemian painter Gottfried Bernhard Göz, who created the fresco of the Birnau monastery at Bodensee in 1750, painted another of his fresco cycles. Anton Landes from Wessobrunn created the impressive stucco ceiling and walls. We hear of princely receptions in the monastery, of art festivals, a high point for musical art. Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart returning from Paris in 1778, met Abbot Celestin II Angelsprugger in Mannheim. The Abbot, urban, friendly and hospitable, took Mozart home to Kaisheim with him, where Mozart stayed for eleven days.

We can imagine Mozart’s delight in the lovely setting of Leitheim Castle, which was the Abbot’s favourite place, that certainly has been shown to him. Less than a generation later, in 1803, Kaisheim was one of the 112 small states ordered to be secularized by Napoleon, and so ended the religious and cultural mission of the formerly important abbey.In 1816 the monastery of Kaisheim was turned into a prison and Leitheim was bought by the Count of Montperny. In 1835 his son-in-law Baron von Tucher followed. The construction of the Donautalstrasse made it possible, in spite of grave difficulties, to open the Leitheim Castle to friends of the arts and start in 1959 with the Leitheim Castle Concerts.

In 2008 the whole ensemble was acquired by the Messerschmitt Foundation. Subsequently the foundation built a 4 Star plus Hotel aside the castle and transformed the former vineyard gardeners house into a restaurant.


  • 1147 First mention of the Litun farm (Leiten, today Leitheim)
  • 1171 Mention of Leitheim as a monastic vineyard of the Cistercian monastery Kaisheim
  • 1185 first mention of a chapel in Leitheim
  • 1542 Abbot Johannes VI Sauer has a considerable house built on the vineyard
  • 1674 Abbot Hieronymus Winter restores the vineyard which was devastated during the Thirty Years’ War
  • 1696 Leitheim Castle becomes the summer residence of Abbot Elias Götz, the church of St. Blasius is completed in its present form
  • 1751 Abbot Chölestin I. Mermos has the castle rebuilt, a second floor, a hall and the hipped roof are built. The interior is decorated in the rococo style.
  • 1817 The castle and the church are put up for auction as “state real estate”.
  • 1820 Sale to the Oberstküchenmeister Marquis von Montperny for 4,100 gulden
  • Transfer of Leitheim Castle to the Baron Tucher von Simmelsdorf family through the marriage of Friedericke von Montperny to Carl Friedrich Wilhelm Baron Tucher von Simmelsdorf
  • 1959 Foundation of the Leitheim Castle Concerts
  • 2008 Takeover of Schloss Leitheim by the Messerschmitt Foundation